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EOS Rebel T8i settings to change 72 dpi to 300 dpi


please tell me how to set my camera satting 72dpi to 300dpi



I suspect there's something going on here that you don't understand.  Your camera doesn't have a DPI setting.  I can't find anything called "DPI" in photos taken by my camera (R5).  Even if it was there, and if the camera set it to 72, it would make no difference because it would just be ignored.

When you print a picture, you decide whether you want it to fill the page, or take up some space on a page, or whatever.  This determines the DPI it will be printed at.  So if you're not getting the results you expect, I suggest you look at how you're doing your page setup.  There's nothing in the camera that can affect it.  The images the camera takes just have however many pixels; how those pixels get mapped to inches is all about your page setup when you print.

Of couse if you're just looking at images on a screen, then DPI is even less relevant, because the screen can be whatever size.

You can set the image quality your camera takes, which determines the number of pixels in the image -- you'll find this in the menus.  I always set it to the max, because there's just no reason not to.  I would tell you where to find this in your camera's manual, but you didn't mention what camera you have.


What are you trying to achieve? If you open your image in a browser or on a phone etc., it will open based on how many pixels there are in the image and how many pixels make up your monitor. So let's say your image is 1920px by 1080px, it will completely fill a 1080p screen, but will take up 1/4 of a 4K (3840px x 2160px) screen.

You can assign a PPI (pixels per inch) value to tell your printer how large to print your image. If you want to print a 6" x 4" photo and you want 300ppi to get optimum print quality on a particular device, then you can resize your image to 1800px x 1200px at 300ppi in Photoshop, Affinity Photo etc. If you inadvertently set it to 1800px x 1200px at 150ppi then you would be telling your printer to print the image at 12" x 8" (12x150 = 1800px, 8x150=1200px).

DPP has a field in the Preferences to set images exported from DPP at any PPI you like (see image below). I think it defaults to 240ppi, but you can change it. This won't really achieve anything and would mean you are missing out on the superior features of LR or CaptureOne Pro etc.




the image you are showing for DPP is for the DPI of the photo and not the PPI. DPI is for the printer, and it describes how tightly the little dots of ink are sprayed on the paper to create the photograph. Thus, I am a bit confused on how you are using the term PPI

DPI and PPI get confused by a lot of people.

EOS 1DX and 1D Mk IV and less lenses then before!


Adding a bit more to the already-excellent answers provided earlier.  Perhaps this will add additional clarity.

Any DPI value as stored in any metadata in images are just hints.   It could be that cameras are filling in that metadata value to be 240 or whatever other value.

Think of DPI as speed (e.g. MPH or km/h) in that it doesn't tell the entire story.   If I told that you I drove 60 MPH, you wouldn't know either how far I drove (distance) or how long I was driving for (time).  At least one of those values (distance or time) would be required.

Similarly, if you have a DPI value of 300, you need at least one other value (either pixels of the image or physical size you want the image to be).

Example: If your goal is to generate an 8 x 10 inch print with exactly 300 DPI, this would mean you need your image to be 2400 x 3000 pixels.


Camera: EOS 5D IV, EF 50mm f/1.2L, EF 135mm f/2L
Lighting: Profoto Lights & Modifiers

Great explanation and very clear too!

In ancient times, a pair of resolution numbers in an image were used as hints for printing or display. I would guess that they are never used now. I expect these resolution number are a left over from ancient times. Then, computers were not fast enough and algorithms were not good enough to scale an image and some thought that an image should be displayed at the original size that it had on paper. It was also sometimes helpful to set the resolution numbers to the actual printer resolution to keep the printer from doing a bad job of scaling the image using a poor quality algorithm built into the printer.

My camera puts the resolution into the meta data as 72 for both CR3 file and JPG file, but if I edit the image in DPP, the resolution is changed to 350 when I save a JPG file.

exiftool will display these numbers

exiftool -s -G0:2 -resolutionunit -xresolution -yresolution /Volumes/jrm/photos/2023Jan16/IMG_2403.JPG
[EXIF:Image] ResolutionUnit : inches
[EXIF:Image] XResolution : 72
[EXIF:Image] YResolution : 72

exiftool might also be used to change these numbers in case some printer or display actually uses them.


DPI in metadata is still useful to me as sometimes I will adjust those values in screenshots or other graphics documents I produce on my Mac.  By default, all screenshots I capture are set to 144 DPI since I'm using a 5K retina display (each point is backed by four pixels).   Similarly, when writing software with bitmap-based images, I'll specify different files tagged with relevant DPI values.   That way, when I share to others that would have different displays, or ship the software to be used on Macs or devices with different screen types, all works out well.


Camera: EOS 5D IV, EF 50mm f/1.2L, EF 135mm f/2L
Lighting: Profoto Lights & Modifiers

I am grateful that you simplified this for me! I am left with a question.... I only now have started to take photos in RAW and I have several that are JPEG and the resolution is 72 dpi. They were saved as 6000 x 4000 (large). So, If I am understanding correctly, before uploading to print, simply set the dpi to 300 or 350 for a better print? I have a canon rebel t8i. I honestly had not noticed till today that this was happening!