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New Contributor
Posts: 3
Registered: ‎07-23-2021
Accepted Solution

Canon RAW Color Space

I have a quesiton i'm hoping to get an offical answer on. 


What is the color space or chroma subsampling of the Canon RAW format on the C300 Mk iii


The new C300 Mark iii doesn't have a 4:4:4 color space recording option as the previous model did. This is rather disapointing for green screen work specifically. 


Is this because the RAW format is the 4:4:4 replacement? Or is is 4:2:2 like the other recording formats on that model. Having a difficult time find the answer so hoping for some more clarfication. 


Thanks everyone!





Product Expert
Posts: 347
Registered: ‎07-03-2019

Re: Canon RAW Color Space

Hi there,


It can be a little confusing because RAW video files themselves do not really have a colorspace on their own, they only record the raw exposure data of each pixel and the color space and other factors are determined in the RAW processing and encoding process. I believe you would be able to get a 4:4:4 clip from the RAW video once it has been processed or encoded through a recorder, but the RAW file itself would not have a "baked in" colorspace.

Reputable Contributor
Posts: 737
Registered: ‎02-23-2020

Re: Canon RAW Color Space

[ Edited ]

Color space and chroma subsampling are independent of each other.


The color space would be one of BT.709, BT.2020, or Canon's Cinema Gamut (C.Gamut).   But as mentioned above, this would not be baked in to RAW (although I don't know if there's any setting to bake that in?)


For chroma subsampling, I believe that RAW would be 4:4:4.  I've only seen user manuals and spec sheets outline the color depth (bits per component) for RAW.  The C300 Mk III does allow for either 10 bit or 12 bit RAW depending upon the sensor mode.   So, I would thus assume this would be 10-bit 4:4:4 and 12-bit 4:4:4 respectively.


When using XF-AVC, it's always 10-bit 4:2:2


EOS 5D IV, EF 50mm f/1.2L, EF 135mm f/2L, 600EX-RT (x6), ST-E3-RT
EOS C70, RF 24-70 f/2.8L IS
New Contributor
Posts: 3
Registered: ‎07-23-2021

Re: Canon RAW Color Space

[ Edited ]

Thanks for the info! Very helpful. Smiley Happy 



The reason I ask is for Green Screen work, we alway got a better key with a 4:4:4 as you have more data in the green color sampling. If RAW is 4:4:4 then our green screen shoots will have plenty of data for keying! Both in chroma sampling and in pure data. 


Now what's unfortunite is that would mean even small basic talking head green screen shoots have to be in RAW, which takes up so much space for long segments. That would mean unrelestic storage costs for some clients.  We'll likely have to keep using the C300 Mkii for thoese setups. It would be nice to see a non RAW 4:4:4 option on the Mk3. 





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